Medicine is rapidly evolving along with advances in technology and science and has made impressive advances in assisted reproductive therapies. One of the greatest examples of this medical progress is evident in in vitro fertilization (IVF). In vitro fertilization is a process that allows the fertilization of an egg by bringing it in contact with sperm outside the human body. Simply put, this process actually involves removing the egg from the woman's body, fertilizing it with the help of sperm and then placing the fertilized egg back in the womb.
Assisted reproduction therapies allow women to increase their fertility rate and fight infertility caused by fallopian tube problems. They also help eliminate male infertility due to low sperm quality by using Intracellular Sperm Infusion (ICSI). This technique enhances the chances of fertilization by injecting the sperm directly into the egg. Recent studies show that its use ICSI has effectively increased the chances of fertility. This technique can only be effective when both the eggs and the sperm are healthy. Therefore, it is necessary to rule out the possibility of genetic disorders through it Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD).
Other common techniques used in in vitro fertilization or infertility treatments are Transvaginal Egg Recovery (TVOR) and Embryo Transfer. During the technical process TVOR, the Reproductive Medicine Specialist guides a needle through the vaginal wall and enters the ovaries to receive eggs. This whole procedure is done with the help of ultrasound. In the process of embryo transfer one or more embryos are placed inside the female uterus in order to increase the level of fertility and the chances of fertilization.
In addition, there are other options, such as egg donation, sperm donation and surrogacy, which can also eliminate infertility problems.