Center for Reproductive and Fetal Medicine

DOES THYRODY FUNCTION AFFECT YOUR FERTILITY?

doctor examining thyroid of female patient with ultrasound scan in clinic

DOES THYRODY FUNCTION AFFECT YOUR FERTILITY?

If you are trying unsuccessfully to get pregnant for more than 6 months, before proceeding with invasive medical procedures make sure that your thyroid is working at the best possible level.

Many women do not realize that good thyroid function is essential for fertility, the ability to conceive and maintain a good pregnancy. An underactive (or overactive) thyroid can prevent you from achieving the coveted pregnancy. While there are many different reasons for infertility, thyroid dysfunction can be this "missing link", especially for those who do not have specific infertility problems.

A complete thyroid assessment is necessary and should be done as soon as possible for any woman who wants to become pregnant, especially if -

  • tries unsuccessfully to get pregnant for more than 6 months
  • had two or more miscarriages
  • has an irregular menstrual cycle
  • has a family history of thyroid problems.

 

 

What does the thyroid gland do?

The thyroid gland is located in the neck below the larynx in front of the trachea. Every cell in the body depends on thyroid hormones to regulate the body's metabolism, blood calcium levels, energy production, fat metabolism, oxygen, the balance of other hormones & weight maintenance.

 

 

Healthy thyroid function can be affected by -

  • exposure to environmental toxins - electromagnetic radiation, chemicals, pesticides, heavy metals
  • genetic susceptibility
  • high stress levels
  • nutrient deficiencies
  • autoimmune disorders
  • infections
  • other hormonal imbalances e.g. estrogen dominance, high prolactin levels

 

 

Diet & lifestyle The modern western diet contributes significantly to the increase of thyroid health problems. Foods that impair thyroid function include refined grains, simple sugars, soy products, peanuts, caffeine, hydrogenated oils, smoking and alcohol. Exposure to heavy metals e.g. Mercury and lead can also be harmful.

Η διαχείριση του άγχους είναι επιτακτική ανάγκη. Το στρες έχει ως αποτέλεσμα αυξημένα επίπεδα κορτιζόλης που  θεωρείται η κατεξοχήν ορμόνη του στρες. Η άσκηση τέλος είναι ευεργετική, καθώς θα διεγείρει την έκκριση θυρεοειδικών ορμονών. 

Treating thyroid function is not the magic cure for all fertility problems, but for many women, as soon as thyroid health improved, fertility problems were resolved and they continued to have a healthy pregnancy and enjoy the treasures of motherhood.

NEED MORE INFORMATION?

Call (+30) 2310 277 032 or visit the Frequently Asked Questions

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FREQUENT QUESTIONS

The association of IVF drugs with cancer risk is a major concern for women enrolled in these programs. But the plethora of bibliographic reports collected from credible scientific studies and published in reputable medical journals worldwide are reassuring and do not confirm this concern.

Of course not. In about a third of cases, infertility is due to the woman (female factor), while in a third of cases, it is due to the man (male factor). The remaining one-third is due to both (both men and women) or even to unknown factors.

The quantity and quality of a man's sperm can be affected by his health and lifestyle. Some factors that can reduce the quantity and / or quality of sperm are:

  • the alcohol
  • drugs
  • environmental toxins, including pesticides and lead
  • smoking
  • health problems
  • medicines
  • radiotherapy and chemotherapy
  • the age

Success rates vary at each IVF Center. Very important factors are also the age of the woman, the levels of her hormones and of course the sperm of the husband. Rates generally range from 45% or slightly higher for women up to 35 years old.

Infertility is defined as the failure to conceive after one year (or 6 months, if it is a woman over 35) with normal, regular sexual intercourse. In other words, when a year passes without the woman becoming pregnant, the couple should consult their doctor to determine the cause of the pregnancy and then treat it. We must all, however, be aware and not forget that the age factor is the most critical for female fertility and that the individualized approach of each couple is the "golden key" that solves the problem.

The number of treatment cycles a woman can undergo is not specified. It is certain that in our country there are high level obstetricians-gynecologists and organized infertility treatment centers, which offer impeccable medical services at this level. If there are correct indications (eg ovaries that respond to stimulation therapy, good quality endometrium, etc.) the success rate -especially with the use of newer techniques and biotechnological drugs, which show increased bioactivity compared to conventional drugs from urine- totals approximately 65%-70% after 4 cycles of treatment.

At the Center for Reproductive Medicine of Dr. Traianos we offer egg / sperm cryopreservation services for those who have a personal or medical reason and need this service. We use the most modern vitrification technique in the freezing of sperm and eggs.

The collection of eggs takes 10-15 minutes, it is not painful, it is done under intoxication and after the end of the process you return to your activities.

In general, experts agree that the fact that a couple has already had a child can be considered evidence that there is no infertility problem in the first place. It is like a small test that has been done and proves that they "succeeded" at least once. On the other hand, we need to know that in the meantime things may have changed and a problem may have arisen (eg the man may have had some inflammation that affects the quality of his sperm or has mediated something that affects female fertility: an inflammation, a gynecological surgery, an abortion, etc.). In any case, if a reasonable period of time (one year) passes and a couple can not achieve a pregnancy, then he should with the help of his doctor investigate if there has been a problem that causes infertility.