Center for Reproductive and Fetal Medicine


Young woman happy and excited.


The issue of infertility affects approximately 20% of couples worldwide. Below you will read some tips on how to improve your fertility. 



Let's start with age, because it is one of the most important issues. Females are born with 1-2 million eggs and by the age of 37 there are 25,000 left. The quality of these eggs starts to deteriorate after 30 and more importantly after 35. Consider trying to start your family earlier than later. Seek help with infertility early instead of postponing it. If you are over 35, draw up a clearly defined plan with a set schedule. We advise women over the age of 35, if there is no pregnancy after 6 months, to visit our Center for a complete and thorough evaluation, to create if necessary a treatment plan in a defined period of time and to proceed with this plan successively. As time goes on, your chances only decrease, even with in vitro fertilization.



The key ingredient here is good health and exercise in the years before trying to conceive. Exercise for at least 4 hours each week is recommended. Good habits start early, but it is never too late to start! Weight can affect your ability to conceive, and in some cases being too high or below the ideal BMI (body mass index) can be detrimental. Strive to have the ideal BMI.



Good nutrition before you start trying to conceive is also important. It makes sense to keep in mind that you should eat a lot of fruits and vegetables, but did you know that dairy products and yogurt have been found to be just as important? Another interesting finding is that folic acid improves ovulation in women and sperm quality in men! It can be taken as a dietary supplement and is found in foods such as oranges. Eliminating trans fats in women with diabetes also seems to help. Moderate caffeine intake is also important. Again, the ideal weight is beneficial. 



Almost all studies show that smoking reduces fertility. In women, 10 or more cigarettes a day reduce egg quality. Post-conception smoking has been linked to miscarriages and ectopic pregnancies. Men who smoke have the problem of lower sperm count and lower sperm motility.



Couples trying to conceive can be anxious, especially if they have been trying for more than a few years. This is why it is important to use relaxation techniques. This helps them to overcome the emotional ups and downs of the IVF process. We therefore advise all couples to approach the process in a very calm, relaxed and pleasant way.



You want one  Centre Assisted Reproduction who knows fertility inside and out. Most of these centers will be able to offer ALL levels of infertility treatment. It's easy to control this. . just ask, "what levels and types of treatment can you offer me?". Most importantly, infertility should be diagnosed and treated by a Reproductive Medicine Specialist and not by GPs or medical assistants. 

The diagnosis by a specialist doctor is necessary in order to effectively determine the best course of action for the couple trying to conceive.

Ask your doctor to explain his / her strategy, why he / she uses the treatment he / she suggests and what he / she treats. Treatment for no particular reason is a waste of time and a waste of resources, as is treatment without completing a complete infertility assessment by a specialist.

Above all, stay positive, we are here to help you!


* The content on this blog is not intended to replace professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of qualified health care providers with questions you may have about medical conditions.

Center for Reproductive and Fetal Medicine

Effective doctor-patient communication is vital to providing high-quality health care. Any communication regarding your medical profile (getting results, instructions, answering questions, concerns) will be done directly with the doctor. This means no midwife or secretary will interrupt your conversations. Instead, if you call with any concerns, they will be there right away to address your needs. Contact us by calling 694 649 8771 or by completing the relevant Contact Form.

Dr. Alexandros Traianos


Call (+30) 2310 277 032 or visit the Frequently Asked Questions

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The association of IVF drugs with cancer risk is a major concern for women enrolled in these programs. But the plethora of bibliographic reports collected from credible scientific studies and published in reputable medical journals worldwide are reassuring and do not confirm this concern.

Of course not. In about a third of cases, infertility is due to the woman (female factor), while in a third of cases, it is due to the man (male factor). The remaining one-third is due to both (both men and women) or even to unknown factors.

The quantity and quality of a man's sperm can be affected by his health and lifestyle. Some factors that can reduce the quantity and / or quality of sperm are:

  • the alcohol
  • drugs
  • environmental toxins, including pesticides and lead
  • smoking
  • health problems
  • medicines
  • radiotherapy and chemotherapy
  • the age

Success rates vary at each IVF Center. Very important factors are also the age of the woman, the levels of her hormones and of course the sperm of the husband. Rates generally range from 45% or slightly higher for women up to 35 years old.

Infertility is defined as the failure to conceive after one year (or 6 months, if it is a woman over 35) with normal, regular sexual intercourse. In other words, when a year passes without the woman becoming pregnant, the couple should consult their doctor to determine the cause of the pregnancy and then treat it. We must all, however, be aware and not forget that the age factor is the most critical for female fertility and that the individualized approach of each couple is the "golden key" that solves the problem.

The number of treatment cycles a woman can undergo is not specified. It is certain that in our country there are high level obstetricians-gynecologists and organized infertility treatment centers, which offer impeccable medical services at this level. If there are correct indications (eg ovaries that respond to stimulation therapy, good quality endometrium, etc.) the success rate -especially with the use of newer techniques and biotechnological drugs, which show increased bioactivity compared to conventional drugs from urine- totals approximately 65%-70% after 4 cycles of treatment.

At the Center for Reproductive Medicine of Dr. Traianos we offer egg / sperm cryopreservation services for those who have a personal or medical reason and need this service. We use the most modern vitrification technique in the freezing of sperm and eggs.

The collection of eggs takes 10-15 minutes, it is not painful, it is done under intoxication and after the end of the process you return to your activities.

In general, experts agree that the fact that a couple has already had a child can be considered evidence that there is no infertility problem in the first place. It is like a small test that has been done and proves that they "succeeded" at least once. On the other hand, we need to know that in the meantime things may have changed and a problem may have arisen (eg the man may have had some inflammation that affects the quality of his sperm or has mediated something that affects female fertility: an inflammation, a gynecological surgery, an abortion, etc.). In any case, if a reasonable period of time (one year) passes and a couple can not achieve a pregnancy, then he should with the help of his doctor investigate if there has been a problem that causes infertility.