Center for Reproductive and Fetal Medicine



Infertility is defined as the inability to conceive after sexual intercourse without contraception for 12 months. Many factors can affect your ability to conceive a baby: your age, your medical and sexual history, the medications you are taking, the use of caffeine, tobacco and alcohol as well as exposure to environmental toxins.

Working with a dedicated medical team that focuses on comprehensive infertility assessment and treatment can help you understand your options. After taking a detailed medical history and recording your lifestyle and habits, your doctor may suggest fertility tests.



What you need to know about fertility testing:

Fertility testing is something a couple should do together, as both partners may play a role in this situation. There is no infertility test. A comprehensive fertility assessment includes a series of tests along with a physical exam and a detailed medical history.

Special tests and procedures that your doctor may order include:

  • Ovarian examination to determine if the woman is releasing an egg on a monthly basis. This can be done by checking urine (luteinizing hormone) or blood (progesterone) or by daily monitoring of body temperature to monitor the rise in temperature just before ovulation.
  • Measurement of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and estradiol at the blood level to ensure that the body prepares the ovaries to release one egg each month.
  • Control of Anti-Mullerian Hormone (AMH) as an indicator of ovarian reserve.
  • To assess the fallopian tubes, follicles, and uterus, your doctor may ask you to perform hysterosalpingogram, transvaginal ultrasound or saline infusion.
  • Sperm analysis to assess sperm volume, concentration, motility and morphology.



Together, you and your doctor will review your personal medical history and determine the examinations and treatment that are most appropriate for you. In the Reproductive Medicine Center “Dr. Alexandros Traianos ” we understand the stress associated with infertility and are here to help you find answers to this very personal situation.

With state-of-the-art equipment and an experienced team of scientists specializing in Reproductive Medicine, our Center is ready to help you raise your family. For information call the phone (+30) 2310 277 032 or email



* The content on this blog is not intended to replace professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of qualified health care providers with questions you may have about medical conditions.


Call (+30) 2310 277 032 or visit the Frequently Asked Questions

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The association of IVF drugs with cancer risk is a major concern for women enrolled in these programs. But the plethora of bibliographic reports collected from credible scientific studies and published in reputable medical journals worldwide are reassuring and do not confirm this concern.

Of course not. In about a third of cases, infertility is due to the woman (female factor), while in a third of cases, it is due to the man (male factor). The remaining one-third is due to both (both men and women) or even to unknown factors.

The quantity and quality of a man's sperm can be affected by his health and lifestyle. Some factors that can reduce the quantity and / or quality of sperm are:

  • the alcohol
  • drugs
  • environmental toxins, including pesticides and lead
  • smoking
  • health problems
  • medicines
  • radiotherapy and chemotherapy
  • the age

Success rates vary at each IVF Center. Very important factors are also the age of the woman, the levels of her hormones and of course the sperm of the husband. Rates generally range from 45% or slightly higher for women up to 35 years old.

Infertility is defined as the failure to conceive after one year (or 6 months, if it is a woman over 35) with normal, regular sexual intercourse. In other words, when a year passes without the woman becoming pregnant, the couple should consult their doctor to determine the cause of the pregnancy and then treat it. We must all, however, be aware and not forget that the age factor is the most critical for female fertility and that the individualized approach of each couple is the "golden key" that solves the problem.

The number of treatment cycles a woman can undergo is not specified. It is certain that in our country there are high level obstetricians-gynecologists and organized infertility treatment centers, which offer impeccable medical services at this level. If there are correct indications (eg ovaries that respond to stimulation therapy, good quality endometrium, etc.) the success rate -especially with the use of newer techniques and biotechnological drugs, which show increased bioactivity compared to conventional drugs from urine- totals approximately 65%-70% after 4 cycles of treatment.

At the Center for Reproductive Medicine of Dr. Traianos we offer egg / sperm cryopreservation services for those who have a personal or medical reason and need this service. We use the most modern vitrification technique in the freezing of sperm and eggs.

The collection of eggs takes 10-15 minutes, it is not painful, it is done under intoxication and after the end of the process you return to your activities.

In general, experts agree that the fact that a couple has already had a child can be considered evidence that there is no infertility problem in the first place. It is like a small test that has been done and proves that they "succeeded" at least once. On the other hand, we need to know that in the meantime things may have changed and a problem may have arisen (eg the man may have had some inflammation that affects the quality of his sperm or has mediated something that affects female fertility: an inflammation, a gynecological surgery, an abortion, etc.). In any case, if a reasonable period of time (one year) passes and a couple can not achieve a pregnancy, then he should with the help of his doctor investigate if there has been a problem that causes infertility.