Center for Reproductive and Fetal Medicine

SMOKING AND FERTILITY. HOW HARM IS IT?

SMOKING AND FERTILITY. HOW HARM IS IT?

What does it really do to women smokers?

 

The effects of smoking on the ovaries are well known. The chemicals in cigarette smoke are able to enter immature egg cells in the ovaries and cause the release of a gene that drives the eggs to die. Although this happens as women approach menopause, Smoking can start the process as early as the 20s and 30s. The faster the eggs die, the earlier the ovaries decide to close and then menopause begins.

A serious implication is that Harmful substances from cigarette smoke enter your baby's bloodstream and reduce oxygen supply, which can affect its development. Every time you smoke, your baby's blood flow is affected for a few seconds. Babies may also be underweight.

Smoking can cause another blow to women. It can reduce the chances of success when a fetus is implanted in the uterus. Finally, smoking can interfere with the body's ability to produce estrogen, making eggs more vulnerable to genetic abnormalities.

E-cigarettes are not the answer either. The effect on fertility depends on nicotine, so they cause the same problems.

 

So what is the good news?

Is there any good news? Yes! The damage caused by smoking to fertility can be reversible. It is never too late to stop, but it is much better do not smoke when starting IVF treatment, at least a few months before to help your body recover. If your partner is also a smoker, it is best to quit together and avoid the effects of secondhand smoke.

 

* The content on this blog is not intended to replace professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of qualified health care providers with questions you may have about medical conditions.

NEED MORE INFORMATION?

Call (+30) 2310 277 032 or visit the Frequently Asked Questions

This site uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience on our site.

FREQUENT QUESTIONS

The association of IVF drugs with cancer risk is a major concern for women enrolled in these programs. But the plethora of bibliographic reports collected from credible scientific studies and published in reputable medical journals worldwide are reassuring and do not confirm this concern.

Of course not. In about a third of cases, infertility is due to the woman (female factor), while in a third of cases, it is due to the man (male factor). The remaining one-third is due to both (both men and women) or even to unknown factors.

The quantity and quality of a man's sperm can be affected by his health and lifestyle. Some factors that can reduce the quantity and / or quality of sperm are:

  • the alcohol
  • drugs
  • environmental toxins, including pesticides and lead
  • smoking
  • health problems
  • medicines
  • radiotherapy and chemotherapy
  • the age

Success rates vary at each IVF Center. Very important factors are also the age of the woman, the levels of her hormones and of course the sperm of the husband. Rates generally range from 45% or slightly higher for women up to 35 years old.

Infertility is defined as the failure to conceive after one year (or 6 months, if it is a woman over 35) with normal, regular sexual intercourse. In other words, when a year passes without the woman becoming pregnant, the couple should consult their doctor to determine the cause of the pregnancy and then treat it. We must all, however, be aware and not forget that the age factor is the most critical for female fertility and that the individualized approach of each couple is the "golden key" that solves the problem.

The number of treatment cycles a woman can undergo is not specified. It is certain that in our country there are high level obstetricians-gynecologists and organized infertility treatment centers, which offer impeccable medical services at this level. If there are correct indications (eg ovaries that respond to stimulation therapy, good quality endometrium, etc.) the success rate -especially with the use of newer techniques and biotechnological drugs, which show increased bioactivity compared to conventional drugs from urine- totals approximately 65%-70% after 4 cycles of treatment.

At the Center for Reproductive Medicine of Dr. Traianos we offer egg / sperm cryopreservation services for those who have a personal or medical reason and need this service. We use the most modern vitrification technique in the freezing of sperm and eggs.

The collection of eggs takes 10-15 minutes, it is not painful, it is done under intoxication and after the end of the process you return to your activities.

In general, experts agree that the fact that a couple has already had a child can be considered evidence that there is no infertility problem in the first place. It is like a small test that has been done and proves that they "succeeded" at least once. On the other hand, we need to know that in the meantime things may have changed and a problem may have arisen (eg the man may have had some inflammation that affects the quality of his sperm or has mediated something that affects female fertility: an inflammation, a gynecological surgery, an abortion, etc.). In any case, if a reasonable period of time (one year) passes and a couple can not achieve a pregnancy, then he should with the help of his doctor investigate if there has been a problem that causes infertility.