Center for Reproductive and Fetal Medicine

UNDERSTANDING THE REPRODUCTIVE ORGANS

Man and woman on balcony at sunset in the city

UNDERSTANDING THE REPRODUCTIVE ORGANS

One of the best things you can do while undergoing fertility treatments is to stay informed about your sexual health. Here's everything you need to know about the reproductive organs in the female and male body.

 

Male and Female Reproductive System

 

→ Female Reproductive Organs

The female reproductive organs are probably one of the most important parts of the conception process. These organs prepare the female body for fertilization and house the developing fetus during pregnancy. The vagina, also known as the birth canal, is the hollow canal that receives the penis during intercourse and is what gives birth to a baby during childbirth. The ovaries are located on either side of the uterus and produce the eggs. Each month, an egg is released into the fallopian tube, where it can meet with sperm for fertilization. The fertilized egg then travels to the uterus where it attaches to its lining. The uterus holds and nourishes a baby during pregnancy once the fertilized egg (embryo) implants.

Male Reproductive Organs

There are fewer male reproductive organs than female reproductive organs, but they are just as important in the conception process. First, the penis is a cylindrical muscular organ that fills with blood during stimulation. This erection makes penetration possible during intercourse. The scrotum is a pouch-like sac that holds the testicles. The testicles are oval-shaped organs that produce sperm and testosterone. Sperm is released during ejaculation which occurs during male orgasm. During intercourse, sperm travel through the vagina and past the cervix, where they can meet and fertilize the woman's released egg.

 

Get help with Advanced Reproductive Medicine

Conception depends both on sperm motility and the man's sperm count and on the healthy and functional state of the woman's reproductive organs. Assisted reproductive technology has the potential to help the conception process if something abnormal occurs with the genitals. The Center for Reproductive Medicine and Fetal Medicine-Dr. Alexandros Traianos is here to help you create your family. If you have been trying to get pregnant for 6 months to a year without positive results, consult our reproductive specialists. During a consultation, we will work to diagnose the cause of your infertility and begin an individualized treatment plan.

NEED MORE INFORMATION?

Call (+30) 2310 277 032 or visit the Frequently Asked Questions

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FREQUENT QUESTIONS

The association of IVF drugs with cancer risk is a major concern for women enrolled in these programs. But the plethora of bibliographic reports collected from credible scientific studies and published in reputable medical journals worldwide are reassuring and do not confirm this concern.

Of course not. In about a third of cases, infertility is due to the woman (female factor), while in a third of cases, it is due to the man (male factor). The remaining one-third is due to both (both men and women) or even to unknown factors.

The quantity and quality of a man's sperm can be affected by his health and lifestyle. Some factors that can reduce the quantity and / or quality of sperm are:

  • the alcohol
  • drugs
  • environmental toxins, including pesticides and lead
  • smoking
  • health problems
  • medicines
  • radiotherapy and chemotherapy
  • the age

Success rates vary at each IVF Center. Very important factors are also the age of the woman, the levels of her hormones and of course the sperm of the husband. Rates generally range from 45% or slightly higher for women up to 35 years old.

Infertility is defined as the failure to conceive after one year (or 6 months, if it is a woman over 35) with normal, regular sexual intercourse. In other words, when a year passes without the woman becoming pregnant, the couple should consult their doctor to determine the cause of the pregnancy and then treat it. We must all, however, be aware and not forget that the age factor is the most critical for female fertility and that the individualized approach of each couple is the "golden key" that solves the problem.

The number of treatment cycles a woman can undergo is not specified. It is certain that in our country there are high level obstetricians-gynecologists and organized infertility treatment centers, which offer impeccable medical services at this level. If there are correct indications (eg ovaries that respond to stimulation therapy, good quality endometrium, etc.) the success rate -especially with the use of newer techniques and biotechnological drugs, which show increased bioactivity compared to conventional drugs from urine- totals approximately 65%-70% after 4 cycles of treatment.

At the Center for Reproductive Medicine of Dr. Traianos we offer egg / sperm cryopreservation services for those who have a personal or medical reason and need this service. We use the most modern vitrification technique in the freezing of sperm and eggs.

The collection of eggs takes 10-15 minutes, it is not painful, it is done under intoxication and after the end of the process you return to your activities.

In general, experts agree that the fact that a couple has already had a child can be considered evidence that there is no infertility problem in the first place. It is like a small test that has been done and proves that they "succeeded" at least once. On the other hand, we need to know that in the meantime things may have changed and a problem may have arisen (eg the man may have had some inflammation that affects the quality of his sperm or has mediated something that affects female fertility: an inflammation, a gynecological surgery, an abortion, etc.). In any case, if a reasonable period of time (one year) passes and a couple can not achieve a pregnancy, then he should with the help of his doctor investigate if there has been a problem that causes infertility.