Center for Reproductive and Fetal Medicine

WHAT CAUSES INFERTILITY AND WHAT CAN YOU DO ABOUT IT?

Couple in a doctor & #039; s office

WHAT CAUSES INFERTILITY AND WHAT CAN YOU DO ABOUT IT?

Some of the causes of infertility can be reversed and it is important to know this. Even if you were told you could not have children today, there is a good chance you could have children in the near future. All you need to do is identify the causes of your infertility and follow your doctor's instructions.

Causes of male and female infertility

THE female infertility It can be caused by many things, such as genetics, smoking, poor diet, lack of exercise, serious infections and hormonal imbalance. The reasons for infertility caused by lifestyle characteristics can be changed to reverse fertility.

THE male infertility can be caused by low sperm count, smoking, certain diseases and, genetics. If a couple can not achieve a pregnancy, the man should be examined to determine if this is the cause of the couple's inability to conceive. Usually the man should give a semen sample and it will be examined by the doctor. Sometimes a blood and urine test may also be needed to see if there are other causes of infertility.

What can you do;

If you are found to have one or more of the causes of infertility, talk to your doctor to see if fertility treatments are available for you. If the causes are in your lifestyle choices, try to quit smoking, follow a healthy and balanced diet and exercise at least 3 times a week.

 

NEED MORE INFORMATION?

Call (+30) 2310 277 032 or visit the Frequently Asked Questions

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FREQUENT QUESTIONS

The association of IVF drugs with cancer risk is a major concern for women enrolled in these programs. But the plethora of bibliographic reports collected from credible scientific studies and published in reputable medical journals worldwide are reassuring and do not confirm this concern.

Of course not. In about a third of cases, infertility is due to the woman (female factor), while in a third of cases, it is due to the man (male factor). The remaining one-third is due to both (both men and women) or even to unknown factors.

The quantity and quality of a man's sperm can be affected by his health and lifestyle. Some factors that can reduce the quantity and / or quality of sperm are:

  • the alcohol
  • drugs
  • environmental toxins, including pesticides and lead
  • smoking
  • health problems
  • medicines
  • radiotherapy and chemotherapy
  • the age

Success rates vary at each IVF Center. Very important factors are also the age of the woman, the levels of her hormones and of course the sperm of the husband. Rates generally range from 45% or slightly higher for women up to 35 years old.

Infertility is defined as the failure to conceive after one year (or 6 months, if it is a woman over 35) with normal, regular sexual intercourse. In other words, when a year passes without the woman becoming pregnant, the couple should consult their doctor to determine the cause of the pregnancy and then treat it. We must all, however, be aware and not forget that the age factor is the most critical for female fertility and that the individualized approach of each couple is the "golden key" that solves the problem.

The number of treatment cycles a woman can undergo is not specified. It is certain that in our country there are high level obstetricians-gynecologists and organized infertility treatment centers, which offer impeccable medical services at this level. If there are correct indications (eg ovaries that respond to stimulation therapy, good quality endometrium, etc.) the success rate -especially with the use of newer techniques and biotechnological drugs, which show increased bioactivity compared to conventional drugs from urine- totals approximately 65%-70% after 4 cycles of treatment.

At the Center for Reproductive Medicine of Dr. Traianos we offer egg / sperm cryopreservation services for those who have a personal or medical reason and need this service. We use the most modern vitrification technique in the freezing of sperm and eggs.

The collection of eggs takes 10-15 minutes, it is not painful, it is done under intoxication and after the end of the process you return to your activities.

In general, experts agree that the fact that a couple has already had a child can be considered evidence that there is no infertility problem in the first place. It is like a small test that has been done and proves that they "succeeded" at least once. On the other hand, we need to know that in the meantime things may have changed and a problem may have arisen (eg the man may have had some inflammation that affects the quality of his sperm or has mediated something that affects female fertility: an inflammation, a gynecological surgery, an abortion, etc.). In any case, if a reasonable period of time (one year) passes and a couple can not achieve a pregnancy, then he should with the help of his doctor investigate if there has been a problem that causes infertility.