Infertility is one reproductive system disease. It can affect a man, a woman or both. Male infertility means that a man has a problem with his reproductive system so he can not start a natural pregnancy with his partner.
The problems with production of healthy sperm are the most common causes of male infertility. Sperm may be immature, abnormally shaped, or unable to swim. In some cases, there may be little to no sperm production. This problem can be caused by many different situations, such as:
- Infections or inflammatory conditions. An example is mumps infection after adolescence.
- Hormone or pituitary problems
- Immune problems in which antibodies are produced against your own sperm
- Environmental factors and lifestyle factors. These include tobacco use, heavy alcohol use, marijuana or steroid use, or exposure to toxins.
- Genetic diseases, such as cystic fibrosis or hemochromatosis
They may still arise structural problems genetic in nature. Infection or inflammation from a sexually transmitted disease can also block sperm. Other causes include scar tissue from surgery or swollen veins in the scrotum. Other factors may include erectile dysfunction or premature ejaculation. Liver or kidney disease or treatment for seizure disorders are examples of problems that can cause infertility.
Symptoms of male infertility
You may experience male infertility if your partner has not become pregnant after one year of regular free sex. The reproductive specialist will examine both you and your partner to find the cause of infertility.
There are numerous symptoms already present in the body, but men are unaware that they are signs or can lead to infertility. Some of them are hormonal imbalance, difficulty ejaculating, lower than normal sperm count, decreased sexual drive or loss of libido, erectile dysfunction, fluid secretion, pain and lumps in and around the testicles. Breast growth, bad breath and frequent respiratory infections can also be sign of male infertility.
How is male infertility diagnosed?
The reproductive specialist will examine your health history and perform a physical examination. Other tests for male infertility may include:: sperm count (sperm analysis), blood tests, imaging tests such as ultrasound to examine the testicles, blood vessels and structures inside the scrotum, testicular biopsy.
According to studies, one in eight men with infertility problems has a treatable condition and after treatment he can have a natural pregnancy with his partner. However, in some cases, your specialist doctor may recommend that you and your partner look for assisted reproduction therapy. This treatment involves helping your partner get pregnant. This can be done through different methods such as artificial insemination, in vitro fertilization (IVF) and endotracheal intubation (GIFT) as well as intracellular sperm injection (ICSI).
Men with fertility problems, they are not alone in the struggle they give. There are now solutions -thanks to modern technology- that allow every man to have a biological child. With the right guidance from a trained specialist but also with a cool approach, whatever you dreamed of can come true.