Center for Reproductive and Fetal Medicine



Eating healthy foods is one of the best forms of self-care. Fueling your body with healthy and nutritious foods helps maintain a healthy body weight and prevent certain diseases and chronic conditions such as hypertension and diabetes. In addition, when you eat the right foods you give your body a sense of well-being. There is no more important time to stick to a healthy diet than when you are trying to conceive. In fact, some studies show that what you eat leading up to IVF and during your IVF cycles has a direct impact on the success of your treatment.

What the experts say

There are many so-called "fertility diets" on social media and you will certainly hear a lot of advice from those around you - but not all of this information comes with any scientific documentation. There are recent studies, however, which concluded that success rates for those who strictly followed the Mediterranean diet (rich in fruits, vegetables, nuts, fish and good fats) were greater than those who did not.

Discovering the benefits of the Mediterranean Diet

Although referred to as a diet, the Mediterranean lifestyle is perhaps a more apt term. A wealth of research highlights the benefits of the Mediterranean lifestyle, noting that residents of the Mediterranean basin experience lower rates of diseases that are more common in wealthier Western nations. Good cardiovascular health and the absence of diabetes were some of the conditions that attracted attention and promoted further studies of the Mediterranean lifestyle. Physical activity such as walking and swimming, socializing on a regular basis all contribute to a balanced lifestyle. These activities relieve the mind and help manage stress. It is important to incorporate these habits into your daily life as much as possible, whether you are in the IVF phase or not. But, of course, the cornerstone of the Mediterranean lifestyle is a healthy diet.

The nutrition

The traditional foods of the Mediterranean diet are usually unprocessed, organic and seasonal. Common foods in the Mediterranean diet:

  • Fresh seasonal and local vegetables and fruits
  • Whole grains
  • Limited fish (with your doctor's approval)
  • Poultry (moderate amount)
  • Eggs (moderate amount)
  • Legumes (peas, beans, lentils and chickpeas)
  • Healthy vegetable fats, such as avocado, nuts, bitter fruits, seeds and olive oil

Avoid processed foods (prepackaged meals, canned soups, etc.), too much sugar and too much flour. You will notice that the Mediterranean diet includes red meat, but not in excessive amounts and not in its processed form. Do not forget, of course, that each person has different nutritional needs. Those following a vegan or vegetarian diet and those with food sensitivities or allergies may substitute or avoid certain foods from the list. Certain hormonal conditions, such as PCOS, may also prevent you from enjoying some of the above foods.


Both you and your partner should follow the diet as closely as possible for IVF success. It is also often necessary to take certain supplements. A full spectrum of vitamins and minerals that support the reproductive system and prepare your body for pregnancy is very important for your overall health.

Your IVF journey

Always mindful of each person's individual needs and with up-to-date information, we stand by you with respect and empathy on your IVF journey. Contact the Center for Reproductive Medicine & Fetal Medicine Alexandros Traianos by calling (+30) 2310 277 032 or by filling out the relevant contact form. We're here for the answers you need!

Center for Reproductive and Fetal Medicine

Effective doctor-patient communication is vital to providing high-quality health care. Any communication regarding your medical profile (getting results, instructions, answering questions, concerns) will be done directly with the doctor. This means no midwife or secretary will interrupt your conversations. Instead, if you call with any concerns, they will be there right away to address your needs. Contact us by calling 694 649 8771 or by completing the relevant Contact Form.

Dr. Alexandros Traianos


Call (+30) 2310 277 032 or visit the Frequently Asked Questions

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The association of IVF drugs with cancer risk is a major concern for women enrolled in these programs. But the plethora of bibliographic reports collected from credible scientific studies and published in reputable medical journals worldwide are reassuring and do not confirm this concern.

Of course not. In about a third of cases, infertility is due to the woman (female factor), while in a third of cases, it is due to the man (male factor). The remaining one-third is due to both (both men and women) or even to unknown factors.

The quantity and quality of a man's sperm can be affected by his health and lifestyle. Some factors that can reduce the quantity and / or quality of sperm are:

  • the alcohol
  • drugs
  • environmental toxins, including pesticides and lead
  • smoking
  • health problems
  • medicines
  • radiotherapy and chemotherapy
  • the age

Success rates vary at each IVF Center. Very important factors are also the age of the woman, the levels of her hormones and of course the sperm of the husband. Rates generally range from 45% or slightly higher for women up to 35 years old.

Infertility is defined as the failure to conceive after one year (or 6 months, if it is a woman over 35) with normal, regular sexual intercourse. In other words, when a year passes without the woman becoming pregnant, the couple should consult their doctor to determine the cause of the pregnancy and then treat it. We must all, however, be aware and not forget that the age factor is the most critical for female fertility and that the individualized approach of each couple is the "golden key" that solves the problem.

The number of treatment cycles a woman can undergo is not specified. It is certain that in our country there are high level obstetricians-gynecologists and organized infertility treatment centers, which offer impeccable medical services at this level. If there are correct indications (eg ovaries that respond to stimulation therapy, good quality endometrium, etc.) the success rate -especially with the use of newer techniques and biotechnological drugs, which show increased bioactivity compared to conventional drugs from urine- totals approximately 65%-70% after 4 cycles of treatment.

At the Center for Reproductive Medicine of Dr. Traianos we offer egg / sperm cryopreservation services for those who have a personal or medical reason and need this service. We use the most modern vitrification technique in the freezing of sperm and eggs.

The collection of eggs takes 10-15 minutes, it is not painful, it is done under intoxication and after the end of the process you return to your activities.

In general, experts agree that the fact that a couple has already had a child can be considered evidence that there is no infertility problem in the first place. It is like a small test that has been done and proves that they "succeeded" at least once. On the other hand, we need to know that in the meantime things may have changed and a problem may have arisen (eg the man may have had some inflammation that affects the quality of his sperm or has mediated something that affects female fertility: an inflammation, a gynecological surgery, an abortion, etc.). In any case, if a reasonable period of time (one year) passes and a couple can not achieve a pregnancy, then he should with the help of his doctor investigate if there has been a problem that causes infertility.